Under the Housing Act 2004 every landlord needs their rental property to meet a minimum standard to be classed as habitable. This is called the Decent Homes Standard, and one of those standards is meeting the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS).
The system provides a risk-based evaluation to help local authorities identify hazards present in residential properties. Their aim is to help ensure safe housing is available that is fit for human habitation.
There are 29 hazards listed in the guidance provided by the Department for Communities and Local Government. Here, we highlight only a few, for a full checklist please download our HHSRS Checklist for Landlords, which includes guidance on how to assess each hazard.
- Damp and mould growth – When mould forms in a tenanted property it’s important to make sure you deal with it quickly and effectively, once you have accurately identified the cause.
- Carbon monoxide & fuel combustion products – it is the landlord’s responsibility to ensure there are adequate alarms within the property to alert the tenants to any risk of CO2 and to take any remedial action promptly and safely.
- Crowding and space – based on the number of rooms (not bedrooms) your property has, the maximum number of people who can live there is as follows:
- 1 room = 2 people (max)
- 2 rooms = 3 people (max)
- 3 rooms = 5 people (max)
- 4 rooms = 7.5 people (max)
- 5 rooms = 10 people (max)
- Entry by intruders – It is the landlord’s responsibility to ensure the property is adequately secure, for example all doors and windows shut and have suitable locks, to protect the tenants from intruders.
- Domestic hygiene, pests and refuse – Landlords should consider if the design of the property make it hard to keep clean. In flats or HMOs are there adequate facilities for disposal of household waster and are communal areas free from pests or items that could attract pests.
- Water supply – the water supply to the property should be clean, free from disease and pests and adequate for the number of people living in the property and a Legionnaires health and safety assessment carried out before any tenant occupies your property.
- Falls on level surfaces – You should make sure that patios, paths and driveways are free from potholes, uneven surfaces, loose tiles or slabs to prevent trips and falls.
- Electrical hazards – Landlords must ensure that the electrics within the property, including any appliances that are part of the tenancy, are safe and regularly inspected or PAT tested.
- Structural collapse and falling elements – A landlord’s duty to repair and maintain a property should be set out in the tenancy agreement. Obviously, a landlord can’t carry out repairs unless they know there is a problem, so the tenant has a responsibility to highlight issues as soon as they notice them.
The information provided here does not constitute the full HHSRS list and landlords should download the full checklist from our website.
Keyring Lettings will carry out this assessment on behalf of the landlords of their fully managed service. For more information please contact us on 01749 681356 or email firstname.lastname@example.org